A scientific-practical conference on the theme: “Using unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to determine the condition and monitoring of ecosystems” was held at Osh Technological University

April 11, 2019, a scientific-practical conference “The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) to determine the status and monitoring of ecosystems” was held at Osh Technological University named after Academician M.M.Adyshev.This conference was held in the framework of the joint international project “RESQ-DABRO” between the International Gore Institute (MUK), the National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, the Osh Technological University and the University of the Rostock city, the Department of Geodesy and Geo-informatics in Germany.The conference was opened by the rector of Osh Technological University, Doctor of Technical Sciences, Professor A.O. Abidov. Also a welcoming speech was made by Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic, Doctor of Biological Sciences, Professor Toktoruliev B.A..Rahmatulla Igamberdiev Pd, Rostock University, Rostock city, Germany, presented a scientific report on the topic: “Using unmanned aerial vehicles to study natural resources on the example of the Ak-Buura river basin”.The conference also discussed topical issues of preserving and monitoring ecosystems in the context of global climate warming, in particular, using the example of the Ak-Buura River.Also, scientists from Germany, Professor Gorres Grenz Dorfer and research associates of the Geodesy and Geo-informatics Department of the Rostock University  in the Federal Republic of Germany Matias Nauman and Florian Bayard, scientists of the International Institute of Mountains and the National Academy of Sciences of the Kyrgyz Republic acquainted the participants with the results of the research period, new technology at the international level and new opportunities for future joint priority projects in the field of ecosystem conservation in southern Kyrgyzstan.Since the early 1990s, sustainable water management has been one of the key elements of the “Nature Conservation Program” of the Government of Kyrgyzstan. At the same time, water quality studies using modern technologies in our country are less studied, especially in urban areas. At the same time, the use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) or drones in research and education is a completely new and unknown field of science for Kyrgyzstan. Therefore, the National Academy of Sciences of Kyrgyzstan has a great interest in the study and application of UAVs in agriculture, monitoring of water and forest resources.They are not only effective, but also relatively low-cost technologies compared with satellites, manned solutions or field measurements / studies. Due to the interdisciplinary nature of the research, the data obtained enable joint collaboration with experts from various scientific fields working in the field of conservation and monitoring of ecosystems.The proposed technology also has socio-economic aspects; the use of unmanned systems for monitoring water quality will increase public awareness of how human activity threatens the Ak-Buura River. The results of the project should also be used in scientific and pedagogical work at the universities of Osh city, for government agencies and NGOs by strengthening the policy in the field of environmental protection and pollution control.These efforts will help protect and restore water quality in the city, and that will help improve the health and well-being of the population in Osh and surrounding areas. Prepared by the head of the science department at Osh Technological University, Ph.D., associate professor Teshebaeva Z.A.